Harpagophytum procumbens (Burch.) D.C. Ex Meisn.


  • [BHC]
  • [BHP]
  • Baghdikian B, Lanhers M, Fleurentin J, et al. (1997) An analytical study, anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of Harpagophytum procumbens and Harpagophytum zeyheri. Planta Med.;63:171-176.
  • Grahame R, Robinson B. (1981) Devil's claw (Harpagophytum procumbens): pharmacological and clinical studies. Ann Rheum Dis.;40:632.
  • Guyader M. (1984). Les plantes antirhumatismales. Etude historique et pharmacologique, et etude clinique du nebulisat d'Harpagophytum procumbens DC chez 50 patients arthrosiques sivis en service hospitalier.
  • Lanhers MC, Fleurentin J, Mortier F, Vinche A, Younos C. (1992) Anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of an aqueous extract of Harpagophytum procumbens. Planta Med.;58:117-123.
  • McLeod D, et al. (1979) Investigations of Harpagophytum procumbens (Devil's Claw) in the treatment of experimental inflammation and arthritis in the rat. Br J Pharmacol.;66:140P
  • Moussard C, Alber D, Toubin M, Thevenon N, Henry JC. (1992) A drug used in traditional medicine, Harpagophytum procumbens: no evidence for NSAID-like effect on whole blood eicosanoid production in human. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids.;46:283-286.
  • Occhiuto F, Circosta C, Ragusa S, Ficarra P, Costa De Pasquale R. (1985) A drug used in traditional medicine: Harpagophytum procumbens DC. IV. Effects on some isolated muscle preparations. J Ethnopharmacol.;13:201-208.
  • Stevens, P.F. (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 5, May 2004 [and more or less continuously updated since].
  • Whitehouse L, et al. (1983) Devil's Claw (Harpagophytum procumbens): no evidence for anti-inflammatory activity in the treatment of arthritic disease. Can Med Assoc J.;129:249-251.